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Deer Resistant Plants

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Deer Resistant Plants

Deer resistance for plants is only a matter of degree for the most part. When hungry enough deer will browse almost anything but the most toxic of plants. Rose gardens that never have flowers are the norm in deer country. Zoo Doo, blood meal, lion pee, tall fences and more have been employed to discourage deer. Castor oil and any number of bitter tonics can be sprayed on foliage, this may work for a time but must be reapplied and will ultimately be ignored if the deer are hungry enough. If the fence route is chosen 10 feet or more might work. A long time successful vegetable gardener living in deer country said that a 10 foot fence made with shade cloth draped over a cable worked superbly. The movement of the loose shadecloth in the breeze and the fact that the deer could not see where they would land was enough to stop the deer in his garden. And for the people, they could just push through the curtain of shadecloth. If this sounds to you like it might be both potentially effective and supremely unsightly you are not alone. But for some the thought of fresh vegetables is enough to put up with almost anything. If deer manage to get in to your fenced garden the results are often catastrophic for the deer as well as the garden when you try to encourage them to leave, even if a gate is left open they often panic. Maybe the best chance you have for a deer free garden is for your neighbor down the street to be a determined rose grower.

The following is our list of plants that we have found to be among the last that the deer choose to eat in a garden.

Deer Resistant Plants

Abelia grandiflora kaleidoscope
Acer macrophyllum * Bigleaf Maple
Acer negundo * California Box Elder
Acer saccharinum * Silver Maple
Achillea clavennae * Silver Yarrow
Achillea Coronation Gold * Fernleaf Yarrow
Achillea hoffnung * Hoffnung Yarrow
Achillea kellereri * Yarrow
Achillea lanulosa * Mountain Yarrow
Achillea millefolium Cerise Queen
Achillea millefolium Paprika
Achillea millefolium Pomegranate
Achillea millefolium Salmon Beauty
Achillea millefolium Terracotta
Achillea millefolium The Beacon
Achillea taygetea Moonshine
Achillea ptarmica * Pearl Yarrow
Achillea tomentosa * Wooly Yarrow
Aesculus californica * California Buckeye
Agapanthus Storm Cloud
Agastache Apricot Sprite * Hyssop
Agastache aurantiaca Apricot Sunrise * Hyssop
Agastache foeniculum * Anise Hyssop
Agastache Raspberry Summer * Hyssop
Agastache Tutti Frutti * Hummingbird Mint
Agave
Ajuga Catlin's Giant
Ajuga Chocolate Chip
Albizia julibrissin * Silk Tree
Allium
Anemone japonica Alice * Japanese Anemone
Anemone japonica Honorine Jobert * Japanese Anemone
Anemone japonica September Charm * Japanese Anemone
Anemone japonica Whirlwind * Japanese Anemone
Antirrhinum hispanicum * Spanish Snapdragon
Antirrhinum multiflorum * Sticky Snapdragon
Aquilegia formosa * Crimson Columbine
Armeria maritima * Thrift
Arrhenatherum elatius bulbosum variegatum * Bulbous Oat Grass
Artemisia absinthium * Absinthe
Artemisia californica * California Sagebrush
Artemisia David's Choice * Sandhill Sage
Artemisia douglasiana * Mugwort
Artemisia frigida * Prarie Sage
Artemisia Huntington * Wormwood
Artemisia Powis Castle * Wormwood
Artemisia Silver King * White Sagebrush
Artemisia Valerie Finnis * White Sagebrush
Artemisia vulgaris * Mugwort
Asclepias californica * California Milkweed
Asclepias cordifolia * Purple Milkweed
Ascelpias curassavica Silky Gold * Butterflyweed
Asclepias eriocarpa * Wooly Milkweed
Asclepias erosa * Desert Milkweed
Asclepias fascicularis * Narrow Leaf Milkweed
Asclepias linaria * Pine Leaf Butterflyweed
Asclepias speciosa * Showy Milkweed
Asclepias tuberosa * Butterflyweed
Aster chilensis * Pacific Aster
Berberis Thunbergia atropurpurea * Red Japanese Barberry
Bergenia Bressingham Ruby
Bergenia crassifolia * Winter Blooming Bergenia
Brachyscome multifida * Cut Leaf Daisy
Brugmansia Betty Marshall * White Trumpet Tree
Brugmansia Charles Grimaldi * Gold Angel's Trumpet Tree
Brugmansia candida * Angel's Trumpet Tree
Buddleia Black Knight
Buddleia Harlequin
Buddleia Honeycomb
Buddleia Lochinch
Buddleia marrubifolia
Buddleia Miss Molly
Buddleia Nanho Purple
Buddleia Pink Delight
Buddleia White Profusion
Calendula Zeolights
Calicarpa
Calycanthus occidentalis * Spice Bush
Calylophus drummondianus * Texas Primrose
Cammasia quamash * Camas
Campanula haylodgensis * Haylodge Bell Flower
Campanula medium calycanthema * Cup and Saucer
Campanula portenschlagiana * Dalmatian Bell Flower
Campanula poscharskyana * Serbian Bell Flower
Campanula poscharskyana alba * White Serbian Bell Flower
Campanula rotundifolia * Harebell
Campanula Sarastro
Campsis radicans * Trumpet Creeper
Canna Durban
Canna Lucifer
Carex buchananii * Leather Leaf Sedge
Carex flacca * Blue Sedge, Heath Sedge
Carex morrowii * Variegated Japanese Sedge
Carex praegracilis * Clustered Field Sedge
Carex testacea * Orange Sedge
Carex tumulicola * Split Awn Sedge
Carpenteria californica * California Anemone
Caryopteris incana * Blue Beard
Caryopteris Longwood Blue
Ceanothus Anchor Bay * Point Reyes Ceanothus
Ceanothus Centennial * California Lilac
Ceanothus Concha
Ceanothus Dark Star
Ceanothus Frosty Dawn
Ceanothus greggii * Desert Ceanothus
Ceanothus hearstiorum * Hearst's California Lilac
Ceanothus Joan Mirov
Ceanothus Joyce Coulter
Ceanothus megacarpus * Bigpod California Lilac
Ceanothus Ray Hartman
Ceanothus Snow Flurry
Ceanothus sorediatus * Jim Brush
Ceanothus Wheeler Canyon
Ceanothus Yankee Point
Centaurea cyanus * Bachelor Button
Centaurea gymnocarpa * Pink Dusty Miller
Centranthus ruber * Red Valerian
Cerastium tomentosum * Snow in Summer
Ceratostigma plumbaginoides * Leadwort, Dwarf Plumbago
Ceratostigma wilmottianum * Chinese Plumbago
Cercis Forest Pansy * Eastern Redbud
Cersis occidentalis * Western Redbud
Chasmanthium
Chrysanthemum
Cistus Blanche * White Rockrose
Cistus maculatus * Brown Eyed Rockrose
Cistus purpureus * Purple Rockrose, Orchid Rockrose
Cistus salviifolius * Sageleaf Rockrose
Cistus skanbergii * Pink Rockrose
Cistus Sunset * Magenta Rockrose
Clematis armandii * Evergreen Clematis
Clematis lasiantha * Pipestems, Chaparral Clematis
Clematis ligusticifolia * Creek Clematis, Virgin's Bower
Coreopsis Flying Saucers
Coreopsis gigantea * Giant Coreopsis
Coreopsis grandiflora
Coreopsis Moonbeam * Threadleaf Tickseed
Coreopsis nana * Mouse Ear Coreopsis
Coreopsis Sunray
Cornus nuttallii * Mountain Dogwood
Cornus sericea * Red Osier Dogwood
Cosmos atrosanguineus * Chocolate Cosmos
Cosmos sulphereus * Sulphur Cosmos
Cotinus coggygria * Smoke Tree
Cotoneaster
Crocosmia lucifer
Crocosmia solfatare
Dahlia imperialis
Datura wrightii * Jimson Weed
Delphinium
Dianthus Moonglow
Dianthus spotty
Diascia integerrima * Twinspur
Dicentra chrysantha * Golden Eardrops
Dicentra formosa * Bleeding Heart
Digitalis ferruginea * Rusty Foxglove
Digitalis Illumination Flame
Dudleya caespitosa * Sea Lettuce
Dudleya candelabrum * Candleholder Liveforever
Dudleya lanceolata * Lance Leaf Liveforever
Dudleya pulverulenta * Chalk Liveforever
Dudleya traskiae * Santa Barbara Island Liveforever
Echinacea Cheyenne Spirit
Echinacea purpurea * Purple Cone Flower
Echinacea Sunset
Elaeagnus pungens * Russian Olive
Eriogonum arborescens * Santa Cruz Island Buckwheat
Eriogonum cinereum * Ashy Leaf Buckwheat
Eriogonum crocatum * Saffron Buckwheat
Eriogonum fasciculatum * California Buckwheat
Eriogonum giganteum * Saint Catherine's Lace
Eriogonum grande rubescens * Red Buckwheat
Eriogonum incanum * Frosted Buckwheat
Eriogonum umbellatum * Sulphur Buckwheat
Epilobium incanum * California Fuchsia
Eryngium yuccifolium * Button Eryngo, Rattlesnake Master
Escholtzia caespitosa * Tufted Poppy, Foothill Poppy
Escholtzia californica * California Poppy
Escholtzia White Linen * White Linen California Poppy
Euphorbia amygdaloides robbiae * Wood Spurge
Euphorbia Ascot Rainbow
Euphorbia Blackbird
Euphorbia characias wulfenii * Mediterranian Spurge
Euphorbia cotinifolia * Caribbean Copper Plant
Euphorbia milii * Crown of Thorns
Euphorbia myrsinites * Myrtle Spurge
Euphorbia Royal Velvet
Euphorbia Tasmanian Tiger * Variegated Spurge
Festuca californica * California Fescue
Fritilaria biflora * Chocolate Lily
Gaillardia Arizona Apricot * Yellow Blanketflower
Gaillardia grandiflora * Blanketflower
Galanthus
Galium aparine * Bedstraw, Cleavers
Gelsemium sempervirens * Carolina Jessamine
Geranium Ballerina
Geranium Biokovo * Mountain Geranium
Geranium harveyi * Silver Geranium
Geranium incanum * Carpet Geranium
Geranium Johnson's Blue
Geranium Lawrence Flatman
Geranium macrorhizum album
Geranium maderense * Madiera Cranesbill
Geranium Mavis Simpson
Geranium renardii
Geranium sanguinium striatum
Geranium sessiliflorum nigricans * Dwarf Black Cranesbill
Geranium Stanhoe
Geranium wallichianum
Helichrysum Limelight
Helichrysum petiolare * Licorice Bush
Helleborus niger * Christmas Rose, Lenten Rose
Heliotropium arborescens * Heliotrope
Heliotropium arborescens album * White Heliotrope
Heliotropium Black Beauty
Heliotropium curassavicum * Salt Heliotrope
Hemerocallis Stella de Oro * Dwarf Daylily
Heuchera Canyon Duet * Coral Bells
Heuchera Firefly
Heuchera maxima * Island Alum Root
Heuchera Palace Purple
Heuchera Santa Ana Cardinal
Heucherella Bridget Bloom
Hibiscus lasiocarpos * Wooly Rose Mallow
Hibiscus sabdarifa * Roselle
Hibiscus syriacus Jeanne D'Arc * Double White Rose of Sharon
Hydrangea quercifolia * Oak Leaf Hydrangea
Hydrangea serrata * Lace Hydrangea
Hydrangea Sikes Dwarf * Dwarf Oak Leaf Hydrangea
Iberis sempervirens * Candy Tuff
Iris Black Gamecock * Lousiana Iris
Iris Dorothea's Ruby
Iris hartwegii * Sierra Iris
Iris Nada * Butterfly Iris, Japanese Iris
Iris Pacific Coast Hybrids
Jasminum angulare * South African Jasmine
Jasminum polyanthemum * Pink Jasmine
Juglans californica * California Walnut
Juniperus conferta * Shore Juniper
Kniphofia Blaze * Red Hot Poker
Kniphofia Christmas Cheer
Kniphofia Shining Sceptre
Lagerstroemia natchez
Lamium
Lavandula Atlas
Lavandula Coco Blue White
Lavandula dentata * French Lavender
Lavandula dentata candicans
Lavandula Goodwin Creek
Lavandula heterophylla * Sweet Lavender
Lavandula Madrid Purple
Lavandula multifida * Fern Leaf Lavender
Lavandula Otto Quast
Lavandula pinnata buchii * Jagged Lavender
Lavandula Provence
Lavandula Silver Anouk
Liatris
Limonium perezii * Statice, Sea Lavender
Linaria vulgaris * Butter and Eggs, Yellow Toadflax
Lobelia cardinalis * Cardinal Flower
Lobelia laxiflora * Mexican Lobelia
Lonicera japonica purpurea * Purple Leaf Japanese Honeysuckle
Lonicera subspicata denudata * Chaparral Honeysuckle
Lupinus albifrons * Silver Bush Lupine
Lupinus bicolor * Miniature Lupine
Lupinus chamissonis * Dune Bush Lupine
Lupinus microcarpus densiflorus * Chick Lupine
Lupinus stiversii * Harlequin Lupine
Lupinus succulentus * Succulent Lupine, Arroyo Lupine
Lychnis coronaria * Rose Campion
Lyonothamnus floribundus * Catalina Ironwood
Magnolia brozzonii * Saucer Magnolia
Magnolia Galaxy
Magnolia liliiflora nigra * Lily Magnolia
Magnolia soulangiana * Tulip Magnolia
Magnolia stellata * Star Magnolia
Magnolia stellata Pink * Pink Star Magnolia
Miscanthus Cosmopolitan * Eulalea Grass
Miscanthus variegatus * Silver Grass
Miscanthus zebrinus * Zebra Grass
Monarda didyma * Bee Balm
Myrica californica * Pacific Wax Myrtle
Narcissus Paper White
Nassella pulchra * Purple Needle Grass
Nassella speciosa * Desert Needle Grass
Nassella tenuissima * Mexican Feather Grass, Texas Needle Grass
Nepeta faassenii * Faassen's Catmint
Nigella damascena * Love in a Mist
Oenothera elata hookeri * Hooker's Evening Primrose
Oenothera missoriensis
Oenothera speciosa * Mexican Evening Primrose
Origanum dictamnus * Crete Dittany
Origanum Hopley's Purple * Hopley's Purple Oregano
Origanum kaliteri
Origanum Kent Beauty
Oxalis oregana * Redwood Sorrel
Oxalis regnellii rubra * Wood Sorrel
Paeonea californica * California Peony
Papaver somniferum * Opium Poppy
Pelargonium cordifolium * Heartleaf Geranium
Pelargonium fragrans * Nutmeg Geranium
Pelargonium quercifolium * Oakleaf Geranium
Pelargonium sidoides * Silverleaf Geranium
Pelargonium sidoides gloriana Pink Silverleaf Geranium
Pelargonium tomentosum * Peppermint Scented Geranium
Pennisetum Cherry Splarkler
Pennisetum setaceum rubrum * Red Fountain Grass
Penstemon Apple Blossom
Penstemon Burgundy Brew
Penstemon centranthifolius * Scarlet Bugler
Penstemon cobaea
Penstemon Evelyn
Penstemon Firebird
Penstemon grinnellii *Grinnell's Penstemon
Penstemon heterophyllus * Foothill Penstemon
Penstemon Hidcote Pink
Penstemon Husker's Red
Penstemon Margarita BOP
Penstemon Midnight
Penstemon parryi * Desert Penstemon
Penstemon Raven
Penstemon Red Rocks
Penstemon triflorus * Heller's Penstemon
Perovskia atriplicifolia * Russian Sage
Phlomis fruticosa * Jerusalem Sage
Phlomis lanata
Phlomis purpurea * Purple Jerusalem Sage
Phlox subulata * Moss Pink
Physotegia virginiana * Obedient Plant
Pinus coulteri * Big Cone Pine, Coulter Pine
Pinus monophylla * Pinyon Pine
Platanus racemosa * Sycamore
Platycodon grandiflorus * Balloon Flower
Plumbago auriculata * Cape Plumbago
Polystichum munitum * Western Sword Fern
Prunella laciniata * Heal All
Prunella vulgaris
Prunella vulgaris lanceolata
Pteridium aquilinum * Bracken Fern
Pyrus caleryana * Bradford Pear
Quercus agrifolia * Coast Live Oak
Quercus berberidifolia * Scrub Oak
Quercus douglasii * Blue Oak
Quercus garryana * Oregon Oak
Quercus kelloggii * Maple Leaf Oak
Quercus lobata * Valley Oak
Ranunculus repens pleniflorus * Double Creeping Buttercup
Ratibida columnifera * Mexican Hat
Rhamnus californica Eve Case * Coffee Berry
Rhamnus crocea * Red Berry
Romneya coulteri * Matilija Poppy
Rosa bankseia lutea * Yellow Lady Banks Rose
Rosemary
Rudbeckia
Ruta
Salvia adenophora * Oaxaca Red Sage
Salvia africana-lutea * Golden Sage
Salvia Allen Chickering
Salvia apiana * White Sage
Salvia argentea * Silver Sage
Salvia Argentine Skys * Anise Scented Sage
Salvia blepharophylla * Eyelash Leaved Sage
Salvia brandegeei * Brandegee's Sage
Salvia buchananii * Buchanan's Fuchsia Sage
Salvia cacaliaefolia * Ivy Leaf Sage, Blue Vine Sage
Salvia canariensis * Canary Island Sage
Salvia candelabrum * Candelabra Sage
Salvia carduacea * Thistle Sage
Salvia chamaedryoides * Germander Sage
Salvia chiapensis * Chiapas Sage
Salvia clevelandii * Cleveland Sage
Salvia coahuilensis * Coahuila Sage
Salvia coccinea Lady in Red * Texas Sage, Scarlet Sage
Salvia columbariae * Chia
Salvia confertiflora * Red Velvet Sage
Salvia Costa Rica Blue * Anise Scented Sage
Salvia Dancing Dolls
Salvia darcyi * Fiery Sage
Salvia Desperado
Salvia discolor * Andean Silver Leaf Sage
Salvia dorisiana * Fruit Scented Sage
Salvia dorii dorii * Purple Desert Sage
Salvia elegans * Pineapple Sage
Salvia farinacea Victoria * Mealy Sage
Salvia Furman's Red * Red Autumn Sage
Salvia gesneriifolia * Mexican Scarlet Sage
Salvia greggii alba * White Texas Sage
Salvia greggii Annie
Salvia greggii Desert Blaze * Variegated Autumn Sage
Salvia Indigo Spires
Salvia involucrata * Tarantula Sage
Salvia iodantha * Mexican Fuchsia Sage
Salvia karwinskii
Salvia lanceolata * Rocky Mountain Sage, Rusty Sage
Salvia lemmonii * Lemmon's Sage
Salvia leucantha * Mexican Sage
Salvia leucantha Danielle's Dream
Salvia leucantha Midnight
Salvia leucantha Santa Barbara
Salvia leucophylla Point Sal * Purple Sage
Salvia lyrata * Meadow Sage
Salvia madrensis * Forsythia Sage
Salvia maraschino
Salvia melissodora * Grape Scented Sage
Salvia mellifera * Black Sage
Salvia mellifera Tera Seca
Salvia mexicana Limelight
Salvia microphylla * Little Leaf Sage
Salvia microphylla Berzerkeley
Salvia microphylla Hotlips
Salvia meulleri * Royal Purple Autumn Sage
Salvia muirii
Salvia Mystic Spires * Dwarf Indigo Spires Sage
Salvia nemerosa plumosa * Woodland Sage
Salvia patens * Gentian Sage
Salvia Pozo Blue * Grey Musk Sage
Salvia Purple Majesty * Anise Scented Sage
Salvia regla * Mountain Sage
Salvia ripari * Creeping Sage
Salvia San Takao * Pale Pink Autumn Sage
Salvia Sierra del San Antonio
Salvia semiatrata * Pine Mountain Sage
Salvia sinaloensis * Sapphire Sage
Salvia spathacea * Hummingbird Sage
Salvia spectabilis
Salvia superba Snow White
Salvia sylvestris * Woodland Sage
Salvia uliginosa * Blue Spike Sage
Salvia urica * Blue Bush Sage
Salvia verticillata * Lilac Sage, Whorled Clary Sage
Salvia wagneriana * Wagner's Sage
Salvia Waverly
Salvia Winnifred Gilman * Blue Sage
Sambucus mexicana * Mexican Elderberry
Santolina chamaecyparissus * Lavender Cotton
Santolina Lemon Queen
Santolina virens
Satureja
Scilla peruviana * Peruvian Lily
Sedum dasyphyllum * Corsican Stonecrop
Sedum morganianum Burrito * Burrito Burro's Tail
Sidalcea malvaeflora * Checker
Simphyotrichum chilense * Pacific Aster
Spirea
Stachys albotomentosa Hidalgo
Stachys byzantina Silver Carpet * Lambs Ears
Stipa pulchra * Purple Needle Grass
Stipa speciosa * Mexican Feather Grass
Stipa tenuissima * Desert Needle Grass
Syringia California Rose * Lilac
Syringia Excel
Tagetes lemmonii * Bush Marigold
Tagetes lucida * Mexican Tarragon
Thymus
Tricyrtus hirta * Toad Lily
Verbascum
Verbena bonariensis * Purpletop Vervain
Verbena Lilacina de la Mina * Cedros Island Verbena
Verbena rigida * Sandpaper Verbena
Veronica Georgia Blue * Speedwell
Viburnum
Vitex agnus-castus * Chaste Tree
Vitex trifolia purpurea * Arabian Lilac
Weigelia
Wisteria sinensis alba * White Chinese Wisteria
Wisteria sinensis * Blue Chinese Wisteria
Yucca brevifolia * Joshua Tree
Yucca rostrata Blue Velvet * Big Bend Yucca, Beaked Yucca
Yucca whipplei * Our Lord's Candle